Conflicts of interest

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When a researcher, author, editor or reviewer has an opinion or financial/personal interest that could affect his/her objectivity, or inappropriately influence his/her actions, compromising confidence in the research and disseminating biased results, a potential conflict of interest exists.

Conflicts of interest are conditions in which professional judgment about the primary interest (publication of an article) may be influenced by a secondary interest, financial or non-financial, professional or personal, and bias the generation of a complete, objective and quality manuscript (whether research or not), peer review, or decision making during the editorial process.

Editor's Conflicts of Interest

RELAP editors should refrain from publishing articles in this Journal during their term as editors.

RELAP Editorial Committee members may publish articles during their term on the Committee, but may not be involved in the process of reviewing these works. And the articles submitted for review in the journal will be subject to all the usual procedures of the journal.

Final decisions on the publication of manuscripts are made by the editors or a designated editor who has no relevant conflict of interest. If an editor has a conflict of interest regarding a submitted manuscript or with the authors, the manuscript, review, and editorial decisions will be handled by another designated editor.

Author conflicts of interest

A conflict of interest may exist when an author (or the author's institution or employer) has financial or personal relationships or affiliations that may influence (or bias) the author's decisions, the paper or the manuscript.

Authors should declare if there is any conflict of interest when submitting their papers for review in RELAP. All authors should mention in their manuscript if they have any financial or similar relationships that may influence their article. For example, employment, consultancies, fees, paid testimonials, patent applications/registrations, or other funding. Potential conflicts of interest should be disclosed as soon as possible.

Peer review should be conducted regardless of the relevance to the author and his or her research groups.

Conflicts of Interest of Reviewers 

The reviewers are professionals selected for their academic recognition in the field of knowledge related to the manuscript they are assigned to evaluate. They assume the commitment to carry out an objective review, with scientific, critical, honest and unbiased criteria, in order to provide the editors with reliable information about the quality of the proposed article and to make constructive comments to the authors, which will favor appropriate corrections.

Reviewers should refrain from reviewing any paper if they have direct knowledge of its authors, family, work ties, conflicts or disagreements with any of the authors.

In addition, they should not accept a review assignment if they have a potential interest, including the following:

  • Previous or current collaborations with the alleged author(s).
  • Is a direct competitor.
  • May have a known history of antipathy with the alleged author(s).
  • Have a personal relationship of affinity with an author that does not allow them to evaluate the manuscript objectively.
  • May take financial advantage of the work.

Reviewers should only accept the evaluation of the manuscript if they have no conflict of interest with the manuscript. In case of conflicts, the reviewer should inform the journal editors that he/she should withdraw if he/she feels that he/she cannot provide an impartial review.


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